Osteochondral Injuries ( PDF) UW Health' s Sports Medicine doctors treat a wide range of common athletic injuries. What made you want to look up osteochondral? How can the answer be improved? An osteochondroma is a benign ( noncancerous) tumor that develops during childhood or adolescence. Osteochondroma is a benign outgrowth of bone and cartilage and is one of the most common bone tumors that usually occurs in long bones but rarely involves the spine [ 1], affecting mainly the cervical and upper dorsal segments [ 2]. It is a common disease in pigs and dogs and is also recognized in horses, turkeys and possibly in young bulls.
It is an abnormal growth that forms on the surface of a bone near the growth plate. The manifestations and sequelae vary with the species. The Content on this Site is presented in a summary fashion, and is intended to be used for educational and entertainment purposes only. Such lesions are a tear or fracture in the cartilage covering one of the bones in a joint. Please tell us where you read or heard it ( including the quote, if possible).
Osteochondroma is an overgrowth of cartilage and bone that happens at the end of the bone near the growth plate. Osteochondroma is the most common noncancerous bone growth. Osteochondrosis is a family of orthopedic diseases of the joint that occur in children, adolescents and other rapidly growing animals, particularly pigs, horses, dogs, and broiler chickens. Called also dyschondroplasia. Osteochondrosis is a term used to describe a group of disorders that affect the growing skeleton.
Most often, it affects the long bones in the leg, the pelvis, or the shoulder blade. An osteochondroma is made up of both bone and cartilage. In large, secondary chondrosarcoma arises at the site of osteochondroma due to increased thickness of the cartilage cap indicating potential malignant transformation. It is not intended to be and should not be interpreted as medical advice or a diagnosis of any health or fitness problem, condition or disease; or a recommendation for a specific test, doctor, care provider, procedure, treatment plan, product, or course of action. Learn more about these disorders. Tests for osteochondroma can also identify diseases such as secondary peripheral chondrosarcoma and multiple osteochondromatosis. Osteochondral lesions or osteochondritis dessicans can occur in any joint, but are most common in the knee and ankle. Comments on osteochondral. An osteochondral injury is an injury to the smooth surface on the end of bones, called articular cartilage ( chondro), and the bone ( osteo) underneath it. In pigs osteochondrosis includes osteochondritis dissecans, epiphysiolysis deformities of bones and arthropathy.
Osteochondroses directly affect the growth of bones in children and adolescents. See also leg weakness. These lesions may be precipitated by abnormal chondrocyte. Osteochondroza coacere. Histologically, osteochondrosis is characterized by persistence of chondrocytes in the mid to late hypertrophic zone with failure of vascular invasion and subsequent osteogenesis.
These disorders result from abnormal growth, injury, or overuse of the developing growth plate and. Osteochondrosis is a failure of normal endochondral ossification, resulting in thickening and retention of the hypertrophic zone of the growth cartilage.